Cement

It is easy to make the assumption that the metal came and solder provide the structural strength of a stained glass panel; however, it is the metal PLUS the cement that is brushed under the leaves of the came on both sides of the panel which give the finished panel its strength. Phoenix uses black cement to complement the dark, natural patina of the lead. After the cement has been applied to the first side, it is cleaned or scrubbed off with a natural bristle brush. The action of scrubbing removes any excess cement and through oxidation gives the came a gray pewter patina.

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Black cement is brushed under the came.

Whiting, or chalk dust, is used to clean up the extra cement.

A natural bristle brush scrubs off the whiting and the excess cement. In the scrubbing action, the lead in the came oxidizes and develops the antique pewter patina.